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Cove Mountain – Buchanan, VA

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Length Difficulty Streams Views Solitude Camping
7.5 mls
Hiking Time:
Elev. Gain:
4 hours with 30 minutes of breaks
1,950 ft
Jefferson National Forest
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Park at the pedestrain bridge on Jennings Creek Rd VA614. 37.52123, -79.62433

By Trail Contributor: Jeff Monroe (Email Jeff)

Only 10 minutes from the interstate, this loop packs a little bit of everything into only 7.5 miles: great views, a beautiful cove, the Appalachian Trail, a stiff climb, and even a waterfall!  Most hikers doing this hike involving the two major trails loop back via a 15 minute road walk.  This “local insider” version shows you how to avoid the road walk for more wooded bliss with a bonus waterfall which most hikers miss!

Note: This hike uses sections of non-maintained/non-blazed trail. Appropriate navigation skills and a GPS with the provided hike route are recommended.

The trailhead is accessed by exiting Interstate 81 at the Arcadia exit and heading east over the James River and into the Jefferson National Forest on Jennings Creek Road. Pass signs first for the Forest Service’s North Creek Campground and then the Middle Creek Picnic Area, and look for a brown hiker sign and pedestrian bridge on the right.  Park off the side of the road when you see these.

  • Mile 0.0 – The trailhead is a wooden pedestrian bridge over Jennings Creek at an elevation of just over 1000 feet. You are briefly hiking on the blue blazed Little Cove Mountain Trail, which will be your return trail. Just on the other side of the bridge is a campsite.  This campsite was once the site of an Appalachian Trail shelter, as your first 100 yards of this hike is an old part of the Appalachian Trail. Back in the late 1970’s or early 1980’s, The A.T. was rerouted about a mile further west to avoid hikers walking along Jennings Creek Road.  The old A.T. trail bed heads uphill almost invisibly to your right a little further down the trail, but that section of trail is no longer maintained.
  • Mile 0.1 – The trail splits here.  Go uphill to the right onto an unblazed trail, as shown in the photo.  You will return on the trail to the left. This direction is recommended as the trail is easier to follow this way.
  • Mile 0.3 – Look for rocks on your left, and head down for a view of a beautiful waterfall of Cove Creek immediately below the rocks.
  • Mile 0.4 – Cross a small stream (your last water until the end of this hike), then pass the first of three old woods roads you will encounter on this portion of your hike.  In each case, take the uphill route, which should be obvious as the trail is more worn in the correct option.  The first two times, you will go to the right, and the third time will be to the left; always the uphill option.
  • Mile 0.8 – The trail ends at a “T” intersection when you reach a wide woods road that is the Glenwood Horse Trail (blazed orange).  You will turn right here.  (Turning left on the Glenwood Horse Trail takes you in 3.1 miles to the Little Cove Mountain Trail, which you can take left back to your vehicle for a less strenuous and less interesting 6.3 mile loop hike.) If you are taking this loop clockwise and returning to your vehicle from here, there is an old style trail marker which designates the trail – silver paint and some ax choppings to a tree – found a few feet to the left of the Glenwood Horse Trail and just to the right of the unmarked trail.  There is no trail sign.
  • Mile 1.0 – The Glenwood Horse Trail narrows dramatically here and becomes an actual trail rather than a grassy woods road.  Starting here, the trail follows an old Appalachian Trail alignment to the current A.T. If your eyes are really sharp and you look both ways over the next half mile, you might even see an old A.T. blaze on a tree trunk that has been painted brown to hide it.
  • Mile 1.5 – After clinging to the sides of steep slopes for half a mile, the Glenwood Horse Trail intersects with the Appalachian Trail.  The intersection is marked by signs prohibiting bicycles on the A.T. and by decaying fencing to keep horses off the A.T., but there is no intersection trail sign. Look for the white A.T. blazes, and turn left, heading uphill.  (To the right, the A.T. heads downhill 1 mile to the Jennings Creek Road, about a 15 minute walk west of your vehicle. The Glenwood Horse Trail continues straight ahead, heading towards the town of Arcadia.)
  • Mile 1.8 – After climbing somewhat steeply, the Appalachian Trail intersects with the Buchanan Trail.  Stay left on the white blazed A.T.
  • Mile 3.3 – Shortly after passing a small campsite on your right, the trail encounters some rocks with a nice view to the southwest.
  • Mile 3.5 – A side trail drops down to the A.T. Cove Mountain Shelter. The shelter has a new privy, a new picnic table and a new roof, but the shelter itself was taken apart from its original location at Marble Springs in the James River Face Wilderness, and reconstructed here back in the early 1980’s.  This is a nice place to stop for a snack, but this shelter has no water source nearby.
  • Mile 4.1 – Pass through an area with multiple nice views to the west of the town of Buchanan, Purgatory Mountain, and the James River.
  • Mile 4.6 – Nice views down into the Cove Creek valley, courtesy a July, 2008 forest fire in this area.  You will note that the forest is coming back, as the area is now covered in Virginia Pine that will obscure this view in the next few years.
  • Mile 4.8 – The A.T. intersects with the Little Cove Mountain Trail at the high point of the hike, 2575 feet.  Turn left here onto a blue blazed trail, and begin descending to your vehicle. (The A.T. continues here southbound for two miles to Virginia Route 43, near Bearwallow Gap and the Blue Ridge Parkway, a few miles south of the Parkway’s Peaks of Otter resort.)
  • Mile 5.7 – Trail crosses gravel road that is part of the Glenwood Horse Trail.  Be sure to check out the old, beat up Forest Service informational sign justifying nearby clear cuts to the forest. The gated road on the far left connects to early parts of this loop.  You will continue on the Little Cove Mountain Trail, found to the right as you descend to the road.  Look for the blue blazes.
  • Mile 6.4 – A woods road crosses the trail.  Continue straight.
  • Mile 7.0 – The trail merges onto an old woods road as the trail descends into a lush valley formed by Little Cove Creek.
  • Mile 7.2The trail crosses Little Cove Creek, and shortly afterwards crosses Cove Creek before passing a campsite and merging with the trail taken at the beginning of this hike.
  • Mile 7.5 – Return back to Jennings Creek Road and your vehicle.
Late January
Cove Mountain
Cove Mountain Hike Comments
Archived Comments

By: John Rating: Date of Hike: Saturday, September 7, 2019
I hiked this counterclockwise.

As previous reviewers have said, the conditions on non AT portions are still pretty good. Also as previous reviewer said, plenty of spiderwebs. I also found many micro/tiny bugs (maybe ticks, couldn't tell as they were very small) crawling on my the rest of the night. This was after I took a shower and then took a bath.

The hike was very dry when I did it in late summer, Little Cove Creek was not running and Jennings Creek was very very low. My intent was to see sunset on the ridge, the outcrop just north of the AT shelter would have been perfect for sunset. I got there a bit too early so I continued on and ended up passing all the good vistas to the west by the time I reached the Little Cove Mountain junction. I ended exploring the AT SOBO all the way till the Cove Mountain Peak and it was all just a green tunnel.

Full trip report here:

By: Patrick Rating: Date of Hike: Saturday, August 10, 2019
It was a great hike on a good day with great weather in the mountains. We only encountered two other people on the hike. There were a couple of things that we did notice during the hike. This hike will be an amazing hike in the fall and winter if seeking solitude from the crowds going to Shenandoah.

1. The trails, especially the unblazed trail and the Glenwood Horse Trail are in very good shape. Somebody has been doing an amazing job of maintaining those trails. They are in really good shape. Thank you to the maintainer, who is keeping these trails in really good shape.

2. There is a yellow jacket nest on the Little Cove Mountain about a mile from the end of the hike. A couple of people in our group got stung. Please be careful out there if you decide to do this hike.

I am definitely going to do this hike in the winter for the winter time views, which are going to be awesome when the leaves are off the trail.

By: Wrong Pocket Rating: Date of Hike: Sunday, April 28, 2019
My 9 year old son and I hiked this trail backwards from directions. Clockwise, due to my knees donít like descending steeper hills which is on the return trip as listed. I probably would have been ok to do it either way, but if you do it backwards or clockwise you will definitely climb the steeper sections first, probably a solid 2.7 miles. Then you reach the AT and turn right and then itís just a nice steady decline the rest of the trip back. We stopped a little more than halfway up near Glenwood Horse Trail for lunch, then again when we got to the cove mountain shelter to hang our hammocks and rest a for about an hour. Whole trip took us about 6 hours. Very nice waterfalls near end of hike, or beginning if you go listed way. Also a few nice views along the ridge, which would definitely be nicer when foliage is off trees in fall or early spring. Never saw the first hiker. Plan on going back and camping somewhere, maybe near the shelter to make a nice little 2 day trip. Would like to see if the following the trail listed on route then turning left on the Glenwood Horse Trail and following it until you get to the cove mountain trail would avoid more of the steep sections. And if there may be water somewhere through that section, which would be nice to refill and cut some weight. If I try it I will repost my findings. As stated only water is at beginning of trail, so camel up before you begin. I packed 2 liters for each of us which was fine. Overall nice little trail, some of everything. My son enjoyed it and had fun in Jennings Creek near the parking area when we finished. Directions were also very good. Thanks!

By: Diego S Rating: Date of Hike: Saturday, October 6, 2018
Solid hike. Using the provided directions, you will not get lost, The unmarked trails are easy to follow and in good condition (except for countless spiderwebs).

Other than the 3 to 4 campsites along Little Cove Creek just past the footbridge, the only other spot for camping is at the AT Shelter. There is also one small campsite across the trail from the AT shelter.

I noted somewhere from 3 to 5 nice view points,all from the AT shelter to the blue trail. Difficulty rating is accurate.

By: Jimboh Rating: Date of Hike: Sunday, April 22, 2018
Overall a nice hike. The directions given here were great and easy to follow. The steep ascents are broken up by some sections of level ground which keeps it from being too difficult. Only saw a few other hikers on the AT section of trail. Good option if you are looking for something away from the crowds.

By: Richmonder Rating: Date of Hike: Friday, April 20, 2018
This one is a gem. Four of us did this hike on a beautiful April weekday and there was plenty of foot traffic on the AT section of the trail, but it never felt crowded. Lots of really fantastic camping spots worth checking out, especially at the tail end of the descent where the trail follows a stream back to the road. The views along the ridge are spectacular. This is long enough and steep enough to be challenging for beginners, but definitely doable as a day hike for most folks.

This is a bit far for a simple day hike from Richmond, but would make a great addition to a weekend camping trip or a stay at a nearby B&B.

By: Doug Price Rating: Date of Hike: Saturday, October 21, 2017
I recently discovered this hike on the site and quickly hit the trail with our Scout troop. We arrived Friday night at dusk and found two campsites within the first couple hundred yards from the road. Both sites have established fire rings, but they are small and only allow for for 4-5 tents each.

Setting out Saturday morning to day hike the loop, we took a minimum of gear and made the loop in about 5.5 hours with some very green hikers. This included a long pause at the AT shelter to enjoy lunch. The trail was a blend of everything water feature, strong elevation gain, ridge lines, good views, and a nice gradual drop back to the beginning.

A really great hike and camping experience.

By: John Rating: Date of Hike: Tuesday, March 21, 2017
It is a pleasure to be the 1st reviewer of this wonderful hike. Our group of "elder hikers" really enjoyed this hike and consider it one of our new favorites...just like the nearby Apple Orchard Falls.

We enjoyed the fact that the loop utilized four separate trails. All of the trails were well-maintained - we came across only one blowdown over the entire hike. The trails were also well-marked although the blazes on the AT were less frequent than what we have come to expect. The length of the hike was perfect (7.5-8.0 miles) as was the difficulty level (of 3). We ran into two other hikers, both on the AT segment. The waterfall was nice at the beginning and we enjoyed following Little Cove Creek on the way back.

The instructions provided here on HU were perfect...Once leaving Jennings Creek, you will face several "Y's" on the "un-marked trail" - just go right each time. The initial ascent up Cove Mountain (primarily on the Glenwood Horse Trail, some on the AT) was fairly gradual. The ridge walk on the AT was quite pleasant - nice views to the west and north - although the final ascent to the junction of the AT and the blue-blazed Cove Mountain Trail (elev 2,525') has us breathing heavy. A nice, steady descent from there on the Cove Mountain Trail brought us back to the bridge over Jennings Creek (elev 1,100').

The shelter (about 1/2 way through the hike on the AT) was very privy and a sturdy picnic table for lunch.

We will certainly do this one again - and wonder why this hike hasn't generated more interest on this site.

    View all 8 archived reviews for the Cove Mountain hike
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