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Crabtree Falls/Spy Rock - Nelson County, Virginia

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Length Difficulty Streams Views Solitude Camping
3.8 mls N/A
Hiking Time:
Elev. Gain:
3.0 hours plus a half hour for lunch
1,380 ft
13.9 mls
Hiking Time:
Elev. Gain:
5.5 hours plus 1hr for lunch and breaks
3,610 ft

George Washington National Forest
Montebello Camping and Fishing Resort
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By Trail Contributor: Zach Robbins ()

Crabtree Falls is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Virginia, and certainly the tallest. It is commonly referred to as the tallest waterfall in the East. This is a mistake because Crabtree Falls is actually a series of waterfalls, all beautiful and tall but not one distinct drop. Crabtree Creek flows from Crabtree Meadows through a rare hanging valley for this region before plunging 1,080 feet towards the Tye River.

There are 3 distinct sections. The lowest section is the tallest and consists of many drops, the lowest right near the parking lot. The middle section is a single drop through a crevice surrounded by trees and moss, it is wildly different than the lowest section. The upper waterfall is the largest single drop over a massive cliff. You could spend an entire day here taking pictures, soaking up the scenery, but there is so much more to explore.

Beyond the upper waterfall the trail climbs through a hanging valley on its way to Crabtree Meadows. From the meadows it is a short hike to the Appalachian Trail where you can choose to hike to The Priest or Spy Rock. This hike takes you south on the Appalachian Trail to Spy Rock. Spy Rock is an incredible rock dome on the east side of Maintop Mountain with 360° views of the Religious Range, Mt. Pleasant, The Priest, Three Ridges and St. Mary’s Wilderness areas, and the eastern foothills. You can do Crabtree Falls and Spy Rock as separate short hikes or you can try this hike for a wonderful day combining waterfalls with incredible vistas.

  • Mile 0.0 – Hike begins in the Crabtree Falls parking lot. Take the paved trail at the far left of the lot beside the information board.
  • Mile 0.2 – Reach a viewing platform at the base of the lower section of Crabtree Falls. For the next 0.7-mi the trail switchbacks up the lower falls. The lower section consists of multiple drops totaling over 350 feet. Mile 0.4 – The trail follows a large staircase below a boulder to the base of a beautiful drop. The water is funneled to the far left side of a cliff while the rest of the cliff is covered in moss and ice (in winter).
  • Mile 0.7 – Reach the largest drop of the lower section, well over 200 feet.
  • Mile 0.9 – After 0.7-mi of climbing the trail passes by an observation platform at the top of the lower falls. Crabtree Creek flattens out beyond this viewpoint on its way to the middle falls. There is a large cave on the right formed by fallen boulders.
  • Mile 1.0 – The trail reaches the base of middle falls section. The middle falls is a single drop ~90 feet where the water flows through a moss-covered crevice near the bottom.
  • Mile 1.6 – Arrive at the base of the upper falls. Crabtree Creek plunges over a towering cliff on a double drop over 200 feet high.
  • Mile 1.9Cross a wood bridge over Crabtree Creek at the top of the upper falls. There is a long, stone wall guarding the viewing area from the vertical cliff. From here you can barely see the water flowing over the rock face, but there are great views of the Tye River Gorge. Do not stray beyond the wall, the rocks are covered with a very slippery algae, and according to the Forestry Service sign, many people have fallen to their deaths climbing out onto the rocks.

    To complete the 3.8 mile out/back Crabtree Falls hike only, return down the trail. If you are hiking the 13.9 mile Crabtree Falls/Spy Rock route continue with the directions below.

    Beyond the waterfalls the Crabtree Falls Trail follows Crabtree Creek for 1.4-mi through a hanging valley. There are many wonderful campsites beside the creek.

  • Mile 3.3 – Crabtree Falls Trail ends at the upper parking lot at the Crabtree Meadows campground. Go left on the forest road heading uphill towards the Appalachian Trail.
  • Mile 3.4 – Pass by Crabtree Meadows, a large field at the headwaters of Crabtree Creek. The forest road climbs above the meadow passing by multiple campsites on each side of the road.
  • Mile 3.8 – Junction with Appalachian Trail (white blaze), turn right heading south.
  • Mile 4.8 – Pass through a junction with an unmarked forest road to Cash Hollow.
  • Mile 6.1 – The trail passes over a series of large rock faces that have open views to the southeast of Spy Rock and the peaks of the Religious Range. The rock face looks to be the result of a landslide.
  • Mile 6.5 – A small campsite on right in a grass clearing.
  • Mile 7.0 – Spy Rock Trail branches left away from the Appalachian Trail and passes through a very inviting sparse, flat forest with many campsites.
  • Mile 7.1 – Reach the base of Spy Rock. There are no trails to the top and you will have to find scramble routes. The summit of Spy Rock is a huge rocky dome with 360° views. Due west Black Rock is clearly visible on the south side of Maintop Mountain. The southern view includes the Religious Range and Mt. Pleasant. The best view is arguably to the north of The Priest, Little Priest, and Three Ridges Mountain. The scramble down is tougher than going up. Pick your footing carefully. In the winter there are large patches of ice.
  • Mile 7.3 – Turn right heading north on the Appalachian Trail.
  • Mile 9.5 – Cross the intersection with the forest road to Cash Hollow and avoid the slight right on another forest road than wasn’t noticeable from the other direction.
  • Mile 13.9 – Hike ends at the Crabtree Falls parking lot.
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Hiker Reviews For The Crabtree Falls Hike (5 Most Recent)
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By: Suzanne Rating: Date of Hike: Tuesday, April 04, 2017
Really great hike. Stunning views, with a very well thought out path. No chance of getting off trail - it's mile marked every .1 of a mile. Lots of people hiking it today, on a Tuesday afternoon. I hiked beyond it onto the path that leads to Spy Rock - and that was virtually deserted, and not nearly as nice of a hike.  The Crabtree Falls hike is very rocky and today was very wet.  One needs to take care with one's footing to avoid a fall. The effort is well worth it however, as the views are breathtaking.

By: Rating: Date of Hike: Thursday, March 02, 2017
Went up just to see the falls for the day. Took our two dogs and 2.5 year old son. The trail was a bit rough for him to walk, with a lot of rocks in the path and steep stairs, but he managed up and I put him in a carrier down. Beautiful scenery and the dogs loved it.

By: Rating: Date of Hike: Sunday, October 16, 2016
I ended up doing both Crabtree Falls and Spy Rock. Started around 1030, plan on having about 7-8 hours for the round trip. -Awesome views of the falls on the way up. Hike to the summit of the falls is about 2 miles. The real hike begins after this though, where you do have some pretty steep inclines. I would bring a decent amount of water if doing both, you're gonna need it. Getting to Spy Rock itself, it can be rather challenging to get to summit, as there is no clear way to climb the rock. Once you get over that minor frustration, you are rewarded with an awesome view of what VA has to offer - -the whole trail is dog friendly, brought my lab for the hike. had 2 bottles of water exclusively for her, there are also a few places on Crabtree where they can grab a quick drink - while she loved it, she was definitely feeling the effects of the hike afterwards - was also a minor challenge to get her to the top of Spy Rock, so if you bring a dog, make sure you hang a left and go to halfway around the rock to get them to the top.

By: Rating: Date of Hike: Sunday, October 02, 2016
This is a great hike I absolutely loved the views on the way up. I went after two days of rain. The classification of this hike is pretty accurate. It's very rocky, and has lots of steps and quickly inclines. I am asthmatic, so stopped frequently to adjust to the altitude. I throughly enjoyed the hike. I used walking poles, and was glad I brought them with me they came in pretty handy when scaling the slippery parts and very rocky areas. Most hikers did not have poles or hiking shoes. I guess they are a tad more sure footed than I. The top of he 1.7 mile trek is a spectacular view of the mountains. There is no view of the falls. There are signs everywhere indicating to NOT USE SWITCHBACKS, because they erode the trails the trails were designed as the best way to enjoy nature without totally destroying nature. Folks threw their plastic bottles into the falls how sad. I find it quite odd that those who love the outdoors use switchbacks and do not pack out what they pack in. Please make sure you have some dollars to pay the $3 fee otherwise you'll be asking for change or not able to pay. Too bad they do have a parking meter type device where you can swipe you credit card and out pops the ticket for your windshield I guess you need a signal for that!.

By: Ballen Rating: Date of Hike: Friday, August 12, 2016
Great hike for the family. Here is a short video that I made of our hike.

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